The new Kia Soul EV will make its European debut at the 84th Salon International de l’Automobile in Geneva on 4 March 2014, alongside a special technology exhibit for the brand’s next-generation hybrid powertrain.

Published | 04/03/2014
Kia to show new Soul EV and next-generation hybrid powertrain at Geneva

• European debuts for new Kia Soul EV and GT4 Stinger concept car
• New hybrid powertrain technology and seven-speed dual-clutch transmission on display
• Enhanced Sportage and upgraded Optima Hybrid complete show line-up
• All-new pedelec Kia Electric Bicycle promises up to 40 km range 

Geneva, 4 March 2014 – The new Kia Soul EV will make its European debut at the 84th Salon International de l’Automobile in Geneva on 4 March 2014, alongside a special technology exhibit for the brand’s next-generation hybrid powertrain. These will be joined on the stand by the enhanced Kia Sportage and upgraded Optima Hybrid, as well as the GT4 Stinger concept car, which made its global debut at the Detroit Auto Show earlier this year, and a new pedelec Electric Bicycle.

Embodying the iconic design of the recently-launched second-generation Kia Soul, the new Kia Soul EV will become the brand’s first globally-sold electric vehicle when production starts in the second half of 2014.

The Soul EV is a front-wheel drive electric vehicle with a high-capacity 27 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery pack and class-leading 200 Wh/kg battery cell energy density. Power comes from an 81.4 kW electric motor producing a generous 285 Nm of torque. The vehicle will appeal to city commuters thanks to a driving range of around 200km on a single charge.

The Soul EV will benefit from accomplished ride and handling and a high level of refinement thanks to the car’s low centre of gravity, revised platform and chassis and new materials designed to reduce noise, vibration and harshness.

 To maximise the efficiency and potential range of the Soul EV, the vehicle features a number of energy-saving technologies that reduce load on the battery and increase maximum driving range. These include new advanced heating, ventilation and air-conditioning technologies, including a world-first ‘driver-only’ individual ventilation system, four-mode regenerative braking and a battery heating system.

 The Soul EV will also be one of the most practical EVs on the market when it goes on sale in Europe later in 2014, as a result of minimal intrusion by the batteries into the cabin and cargo space. As with every other Kia model, the Soul EV will guarantee owners with the peace of mind provided by Kia’s unique 7-Year, 150,000 km warranty.

As well as showing new production-ready low emissions vehicles at Geneva, Kia will display a standalone exhibit of a new hybrid technology, developed by the brand’s European R&D centre for use in future Kia models.

The hybrid system consists of a 48V lead carbon battery connected to a small electric motor, increasing the engine’s power output. The battery also supplies energy to an electric supercharger, which increases torque and power at low engine speeds. Under the right conditions, the hybrid powertrain can drive a car in electric-only mode at low speeds and while cruising, while the battery is recharged under deceleration. And when the car is stationary, the technology also acts as a zero-emissions stop-start system, performing this function with almost no noise or vibration as it is a belt-starting system. The technology also enables Kia engineers to reduce the size – and weight – of its vehicles’ existing 12V battery.

Lining up alongside the new hybrid system, Kia will also reveal details of its all-new seven-speed dual-clutch transmission (DCT).

Throughout the development process, the seven-speed DCT – the first of its type from the Korean manufacturer - has been engineered to balance greater fuel efficiency and improved performance. Engineers have been targeting a seven percent improvement in fuel efficiency and a five percent improvement in 0-100 kph (62 mph) acceleration. NVH has also been a key focus for the team behind the DCT’s development, with an external damper ensuring a high level of refinement for the new transmission.

Unveiled earlier in the year at the North American International Auto Show, Kia’s stunning GT4 Stinger Concept will make its European debut at Geneva. The GT4 Stinger, created by Kia’s California design team, moves Kia in a bold new styling direction and has maximum driving enjoyment central to its appeal.

Powered by a 315 ps 2.0-litre turbocharged gasoline direct injection (T-GDI) four-cylinder engine, the eye-catching 2+2 sports car seeks to involve the driver as much as possible, with a six-speed manual gearbox and rear-wheel drive. As a statement of the concept’s dynamic intent, the car is fitted with all-round independent double-wishbone suspension, a high-downforce carbon fibre front splitter and front-brake cooling vents. The signature Kia grille sits low to the ground for maximum engine cooling and cold-air induction.

While there are currently no plans to bring the concept to production, Kia has a history of delivering production vehicles that bear a strong resemblance to the concepts that precede them, and the GT4 Stinger provides an enticing glimpse into Kia’s possible future.

Responding to customer feedback and developments in the increasingly-competitive European marketplace, Kia will also be showing the enhanced Kia Sportage at the Geneva show. The brand’s best-selling compact crossover receives small but significant upgrades to its modern exterior, as well as a refreshed interior design and new materials throughout the cabin.

The Sportage also receives a range of new features to boost its appeal to buyers across the continent, including a new premium sound system, LED rear lamps, Kia’s FlexSteer system, heated steering wheel and a new 4.2-inch TFT LCD supervision cluster.

This Sportage will be even more refined than the current model, with a number of changes designed to minimise noise, vibration and harshness. Soundproof windshield glass will help reduce wind noise, while improvements to core areas of the body structure, such as bush-mounted subframes and new transmission mounting brackets, will bring about further improvements to refinement.

Kia’s best-selling model in Europe, Sportage attracted 89,553 customers in 2013, a year-on-year increase of 10.5 percent. Built at Kia’s Žilina plant in Slovakia, the enhanced Sportage is due to go on sale across Europe later in 2014.

Also making its European debut, the upgraded Kia Optima Hybrid receives a number of changes. Visually, the Optima Hybrid features newly-designed front and rear bumpers, the front incorporating new LED fog lamps and a revised design for Kia’s trademark ‘Tiger nose’ grille. The car’s profile is also improved with a new side-sill garnish and new 16- and 17-inch alloy wheel designs. With the upgraded model, customers will also be able to specify a new ‘White Package’ interior option, with white upholstery and gloss black cabin accents. Two new exterior paint finishes, Smoky Blue and Aluminium Silver, complete the visual changes.

The latest Optima Hybrid will also be fitted with a range of new features, including Kia’s third-generation regenerative braking system with greater braking feel and response, a new touchscreen interface specific to the Hybrid system and a new (optional) High Tech Pack (incorporating Lane Keep Assist, Blind Spot Detection and Smart Parking Assist systems).

The upgraded Optima Hybrid is scheduled to start production in Korea during April 2014 and will go on sale later in the year.

Kia unveiled two prototypes of its latest zero-emission vehicles to a specially invited media audience, a pedelec Electric Bicycle, which is designed to appeal to commuters thanks to a range of around 40 km on a single charge and a four-hour recharge time. Two models are shown at the salon – the City model, for urban use, and MTB, for tougher terrain.

The Kia Electric Bicycle (KEB) concept is propelled by a 250 Watt electric motor producing a generous 45 Nm of torque, and powered by a 36 volt, 10 amp lithium-ion polymer battery pack which is easily detached for recharging. The KEB weighs around 20 kg in total, and has a top speed of 25.0 kph (15.5 mph) to comply with EU regulations. 
 
Designed and engineered by Kia’s Venture Business Development Team at the Namyang R&D Centre in Korea, the KEB features an innovative monocoque metal frame, produced by an advanced metal stamping technology and a robotic automated welding process – resulting in automotive industry quality control. The two prototype KEB models are made using a frame, electric motor and power pack manufactured in Korea, together with brake and gear components from Shimano in Japan. Final assembly is carried out in Germany. 

Media and public reactions to the prototype KEB will be monitored closely by Kia Motors Corporation, 70 years after it first manufactured bicycles in Korea during 1944. 


Editors’ Notes 

Kia Motors Europe 
Kia Motors Europe is the European sales, marketing, and service arm of Kia Motors Corporation. With its headquarters in Frankfurt, Germany, it covers 30 markets in Europe. 

About Kia Motors Corporation 
Kia Motors Corporation (www.kia.com) – a maker of quality vehicles for the young-at-heart – was founded in 1944 and is Korea's oldest manufacturer of motor vehicles. Over 2.7 million Kia vehicles a year are produced in 10 manufacturing and assembly operations in five countries which are then sold and serviced through a network of distributors and dealers covering around 150 countries. 

Kia today has over 48,000 employees worldwide and annual revenues of US$43 billion. It is the major sponsor of the Australian Open and an official automotive partner of FIFA – the governing body of the FIFA World Cup™. Kia Motors Corporation's brand slogan – "The Power to Surprise" – represents the company's global commitment to surprise the world by providing exciting and inspiring experiences that go beyond expectations.



European debut for Kia Soul EV at Geneva

• European debut for new Kia Soul EV at 2014 Geneva Motor Show
• Revised design separates Soul EV from iconic standard Soul
• Soul EV benefits from class-leading battery cell energy density
• Increased torsional rigidity, revised suspension and low centre of gravity improves ride comfort
• New heating, ventilation and air-conditioning technologies reduce energy consumption

The only electric vehicle to benefit from a 7-Year, 150,000 km warranty
Geneva, 4 March 2014 – The Kia Soul EV today made its European debut at the 84th Salon International de l’Automobile in Geneva. Embodying the iconic design of the recently-launched second-generation Kia Soul, the Soul EV will become the brand’s first globally-sold electric vehicle when production starts in the second half of 2014.
 
Michael Cole, Chief Operating Officer of Kia Motors Europe, said: “Not only is the Soul EV a stylish, eye-catching car to be seen in, but it will also bring with it the same high quality that buyers expect from the Kia brand. When the car goes on sale across Europe later in the year, the Soul EV will benefit from Kia’s unique 7-Year, 150,000 km warranty, making it the only electric vehicle available with such a comprehensive warranty.
 
“It will be a car for the head and for the heart, and the Soul EV embodies our commitment to offering European customers stylish, environmentally-responsible vehicles with an industry-leading warranty and excellent value for money.”
 
Iconic design for a modern product
As with the standard internal combustion-powered model, the Soul EV introduces a thoroughly fresh, more grown-up appearance, which makes it instantly recognisable as a Soul. The Soul EV differs itself from the rest of the 2014 Soul range with a two-tone colour scheme with contrasting ‘floating roof’, unique 16-inch alloy wheel design and LED taillights, as well as a new ‘eco electric’ badge on the wing at the base of the A-pillar. The car receives unique front and rear fascias, incorporating a larger front grille and charging ports.
 
The Soul EV also features a new interior, with higher quality materials and a more driver-focused design. It is the very first Kia model to be fitted with the brand’s new OLED (organic LED) instrument cluster, while the interior’s light two-tone colour scheme gives the cabin an airy, open atmosphere. A double-injection moulded fascia further improves the high quality feel of the soft-touch dashboard.
 
The Soul’s AVN (audio-visual navigation) system is carried over as standard in the Soul EV, with additional EV-only features for the new model, including scheduled ventilation and charging. A number of new features designed to minimise range anxiety are included as standard, providing the driver with full details on the car’s energy consumption, a charging station search function and a navigation system which displays the vehicle’s total driveable range.

Class-leading battery energy density
The Soul EV is powered by an 81.4 kW electric motor, producing 285 Nm of torque, and a high-capacity 27 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery pack located beneath the cabin. The motor delivers its power to the front wheels through a single speed reduction gear set, allowing the Soul EV to accelerate from 0 to 100 kph (62 mph) in under 12 seconds, going on to a top speed of 145 kph (90 mph). Kia engineers are targeting a driving range of around 200 km (124 miles).
 
While the efficient packaging of the electric motor and electronic systems meant engineers were able to reduce weight and minimise the intrusion of the battery pack on cabin space, the Soul EV benefits from class-leading 200 Wh/kg battery cell energy density, enabling the battery to store greater amounts of electric energy relative to its weight.
 
The battery pack, developed jointly over the last three years by Kia Motors and SK Innovation in Korea, has been engineered for greater efficiency, with optimisation of the electrolyte formulation designed to maintain the battery’s performance at high and low temperatures. Low-resistance nickel cobalt manganese cathodes and carbon graphite anodes reduce electric resistance and allow more efficient energy discharge.
 
The use of lithium-ion polymer batteries (compared to more commonplace lithium-ion batteries) allows for greater energy density, with fewer parts and a simpler cell structure, lower cost production, greater potential for heat management and greater flexibility in terms of packaging.
 
Building on Kia’s pursuit of greater vehicle crash safety performance, the battery features a ceramic-coated separator within the cell itself to protect the unit, as well as overcharge protection, which monitors electrical current and battery temperature.
 
To maximise the efficiency and potential range of the Soul EV, regenerative braking captures and recycles the car’s kinetic energy while it is coasting and braking. Users can choose between three regenerative braking modes depending on the amount of braking support and regenerative power required.
 
Soul EV owners can choose between two different driving modes, ‘Drive’ and ‘Brakes’, with the latter producing the most energy recuperation from the regenerative braking system.
 
Each of these driving settings are also available in a special Eco-mode, which extends the Soul EV’s driving range by optimising the performance and energy consumption of the HVAC system and the electric motor.
  
A battery heating system is also fitted to the Soul EV, designed to insulate and warm up the battery in order to minimise the adverse effects of sub-zero temperatures on battery charge.
 
The 6.6 kW AC on-board charger enables the Soul EV to be fully charged within five hours depending on the local electricity supply. An 80 percent charge can be achieved in as little as 25 minutes with a 100 kW DC charger (33 minutes at 50 kW).
 
New HVAC efficiency technologies
Early on in the development of the Soul EV, Kia engineers identified the need to dramatically reduce energy consumption of the HVAC systems. In the worst case scenario, the maximum use of HVAC under extreme cold conditions could potentially reduce an electric vehicle’s effective range by up to 50 percent.

To address this challenge, Kia engineers implemented four new HVAC technologies designed to reduce energy usage in the Soul EV – a highly efficient new heat pump, smart air intake control, individual ventilation (for driver only) and scheduled ventilation.

The new heat pump utilises waste heat from the air-conditioning and electrical systems to improve the energy efficiency of the heating and ventilation system and improve the car’s ability to efficiently heat up the cabin, thus minimising electricity consumption from the battery.

This system, made up of a compressor, evaporator and condenser, allows the Soul EV’s heating and ventilation system to harness the waste heat given off by electrical components. Instead of relying entirely on the electricity from the battery to heat the cabin to the driver’s desired temperature, the heat pump recycles heat energy emitted by the electronics to increase the efficiency of the heating and ventilation systems.

By reducing the load on the battery, the heat pump cuts energy consumption by the heating system and increases the overall driving range of the Soul EV.

Working in conjunction with the heat pump, the Soul EV is also fitted with a new smart air intake control system, which monitors and controls the amount of air entering and exiting the vehicle, as well as the humidity level in the cabin.

Air intake control recycles the air that has already been heated or cooled by the HVAC system, then carefully introduces the optimum amount of fresh air to the cabin. By better controlling the air flow inside the vehicle, the HVAC system is able to cool or heat the cabin more efficiently and minimise the use of the heating or air-conditioning during a drive. The system relies on a humidity sensor, temperature control and an intake actuator to monitor and control the in-flow of fresh air to the cabin.

The Soul EV is fitted with a new individual ventilation system, the first time such technology has been introduced to any production vehicle. This reduces energy consumption by only providing ventilation and heating to the driver, completely shutting off heating and ventilation to the foot-well and dashboard ventilation on the passenger side. This is in contrast to existing vehicles on the road, in which closing the vents merely diverts hot or cold air through other vents in the car while energy consumption remains the same.

The individual ventilation system, activated using the ‘driver only’ button on the dashboard, minimises HVAC energy use to provide a comfortable driver-side temperature when driving alone, resulting in a more efficient heating system and greater driving range.

A first in a Kia vehicle, the Soul EV is equipped with a new pre-conditioning or scheduled ventilation system. Accessing the car’s heating system through the car’s HMI interface, users can schedule their vehicle to pre-heat or pre-cool the cabin 30 minutes before they start the car. The system works while the car is plugged in and reduces load on the battery when the Soul EV starts running. Instead, the cabin is cooled or heated using power from the grid, ensuring the vehicle is already at the driver’s preferred temperature before departure.

Efficient EV packaging
While almost the entire upper body structure is carried over from the standard internal combustion-powered 2014 Soul, a number of improvements have been introduced to the Soul EV to further improve bodyshell stiffness and ensure that minimal intrusion on the cabin space results from the mounting of the battery pack.
 
Principal among these changes is the addition of five cross-members, bolted below the vehicle body for battery support and increased torsional rigidity. A higher proportion of ultra-high tensile steel is also adopted for the Soul EV (up from 35.0 percent of the body to 37.1), with the application of the steel further strengthening the B-pillar and sills. The Soul EV therefore benefits from a 27 percent improvement in torsional rigidity compared with the standard vehicle (itself 29 percent stiffer than the first-generation Soul).
 
One of the key aims of Kia’s engineers in the development of the vehicle was to ensure that the addition of the battery pack under the cabin had a minimal effect on the Soul’s generous interior space. As a result, rear passenger legroom is reduced by just 80 mm, though this reduction is countered by changes to the rear seat cushion, which raises passengers’ knees and gives them more space. The undertray storage in the boot of the standard car now holds the vehicle’s charging cable. Like the standard car, motorists can find the car’s tyre mobility kit stored beneath the undertray.
 
Overall, the Soul EV suffers minimal battery intrusion compared to competitors. The exterior dimensions of the Soul EV are identical to those of the gasoline and diesel-powered versions of the car.
 
Improved ride and handling for comfortable urban driving
The Soul EV has been engineered to provide stable handling characteristics and a comfortable ride in urban environments, and with a stiffer bodyshell than the standard Soul, Kia engineers have been able to improve ride comfort of the electric model. 

The battery’s location – beneath the floor of the cabin – has resulted in a lower centre of gravity and a greater feeling of stability, which helps ride and handling and ensures that the Soul EV remains true to the Soul’s fun-to-drive reputation.

Noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) characteristics are also improved in the Soul EV. With the absence of gasoline or diesel engine noise, and less whine from the electric motor than in rival vehicles, Kia’s goal was to significantly reduce mechanical buzz, road roar and wind noise to maximise the vehicle’s refinement.

Increased dampening in the suspension, as well as 15 percent stiffer alloy wheels, delivered a reduction in vibration, while a battery cover along the floor of the vehicle has been added to improve aerodynamic performance and reduce wind rush. Greater use of bio-friendly soundproofing material – particularly in the dashboard, under the bonnet and at the base of the windscreen – has also improved NVH.

Finally, the Soul EV is fitted with super-low rolling resistance tyres. Designed by Kumho and Nexen specifically for the Soul EV, the new 205/60 R16 tyres – made up of a low resistance compound and tyre profile – reduce rolling resistance by 10 percent, crucially without impacting on ride comfort, handling, NVH or braking distance.

Kia Soul EV images


Editors’ Notes 

Kia Motors Europe 
Kia Motors Europe is the European sales, marketing, and service arm of Kia Motors Corporation. With its headquarters in Frankfurt, Germany, it covers 30 markets in Europe. 

About Kia Motors Corporation 
Kia Motors Corporation (www.kia.com) – a maker of quality vehicles for the young-at-heart – was founded in 1944 and is Korea's oldest manufacturer of motor vehicles. Over 2.7 million Kia vehicles a year are produced in nine manufacturing and assembly operations in five countries which are then sold and serviced through a network of distributors and dealers covering around 150 countries. 

Kia today has over 47,000 employees worldwide and annual revenues of US$42 billion. It is the major sponsor of the Australian Open and an official automotive partner of FIFA – the governing body of the FIFA World Cup™. Kia Motors Corporation's brand slogan – "The Power to Surprise" – represents the company's global commitment to surprise the world by providing exciting and inspiring experiences that go beyond expectations.


Advanced battery pack for new Soul EV

• Class-leading battery cell energy density (200 Wh/kg) ensures ‘around’ 200km driving range
• Innovative application of nickel-rich high capacity cathode material
• Soul EV power pack features battery cells supplied by SK Innovation

Frankfurt, 24 February 2014 – The Kia Soul EV is equipped with an advanced power pack featuring lithium-ion polymer battery cells supplied by SK Innovation. The battery pack, with class-leading battery cell energy density of 200 Wh/kg, is the result of a three-year joint development program between Kia Motors Corporation and SK Innovation in Korea. 

Engineers from Kia have developed the outstanding 27 kWh power pack to feature 192 lithium-ion polimer battery cells in eight modules. The pack incorporates state-of-the-art thermal control technology to maintain individual cells at optimum temperature and structural design to enhance crash worthiness. 

Nickel-rich NCM (nickel-cobalt-manganese) cathode material is used in the mass production of the battery cells for Soul EV. Energy density, which is dependent on cathode capabilities, is a core performance factor deciding EV driving range. By exploiting the class-leading cell energy density of its battery, the Soul EV offers a driving range of ‘around’ 200 km on a single charge. 

High performance electrolyte additive and anode materials were also developed to meet various performance requirements (such as safety and lifecycle), while maintaining high energy density.

In addition, a special safety & secure separator is used in the Kia Soul EV’s battery cells. The separator determines the safety and the charge/discharge speed of the battery. It has improved thermal resistance, which helps to keep the cell secure from exposure to heat or fire by preventing the shrinking of the separator if the temperature of the cell increases beyond normal levels.

Together, the low electrical resistance battery cell, proper battery system thermal control and accurate state-of-charge calculation improve the charging performance, achieving an outstanding ‘fast charge’ time of 25 minutes (100 kW DC) or 33 minutes (50 kW DC). Full recharge time, depending on power source, takes up to five hours (6.6 kW AC).

The electrolyte additive used in the Soul EV will prevent the degradation of battery performance at both low and high temperatures, expanding the temperature range of the battery usage and reducing the fluctuation of the driving range according to the weather. 

Cold weather is notoriously hostile for a battery and the Soul EV features a battery heating system, which warms-up the battery while the car is plugged into the grid, prior to use. This helps to maintain optimum battery performance regardless of external temperature. 

For maximum ‘active safety’ the battery module is fitted with an overcharge protection device that cuts the high voltage circuit if ever the battery cell swelling phemonen should occur due to overcharging. 

Optimisation of the raw materials used to create the cathode morphology control and surface coating, the anode surface coating and electrolyte additive, plus the excellent mechanical strength of the separator, ensure class-best durability and safety of the cell. 


Editors’ Notes 

Background to batteries 
A lithium-ion battery is a rechargeable battery which saves the electric power as chemical energy and uses it when necessary. The lithium-ions move from cathode to anode during charging and from anode to cathode during discharging. The electrolyte is necessary as a medium for the transfer of the lithium-ions and the separator is necessary to separate the anode and cathode electrically. 

Generally the cathode consists of heavy oxides and can store less electricity per weight than the anode which consists of light carbons. To increase the energy density (energy to weight) of the battery pack it is important to increase the quantity of the electricity stored by the cathode, since the quantity of electricity should be balanced between the cathode and anode. 

Lithium-ion polymer battery is the common name for the battery type which uses ‘pouch film’ as a packing material. The name lithium-ion battery refers to the battery type which uses a metal can as a packing material.

The advantages of a lithium-ion polymer battery (compared to normal lithium-ion batteries) include: greater efficiency due to the simple cell structure (fewer parts), lower costs, increased safety and reliability (thanks to better thermal diffusion and internal pressure control), ease of manufacture in a variety of capacities and shapes. 

Kia Motors Europe 
Kia Motors Europe is the European sales, marketing, and service arm of Kia Motors Corporation. With its headquarters in Frankfurt, Germany, it covers 30 markets in Europe. 

About Kia Motors Corporation 
Kia Motors Corporation (www.kia.com) – a maker of quality vehicles for the young-at-heart – was founded in 1944 and is Korea's oldest manufacturer of motor vehicles. Over 2.7 million Kia vehicles a year are produced in 10 manufacturing and assembly operations in five countries which are then sold and serviced through a network of distributors and dealers covering around 150 countries. 

Kia today has over 48,000 employees worldwide and annual revenues of US$43 billion. It is the major sponsor of the Australian Open and an official automotive partner of FIFA – the governing body of the FIFA World Cup™. Kia Motors Corporation's brand slogan – "The Power to Surprise" – represents the company's global commitment to surprise the world by providing exciting and inspiring experiences that go beyond expectations.

SK Innovation 
Founded in 1962 as Korea’s first oil refiner, SK Innovation is now one of the world’s leading energy and petrochemical companies. SK Innovation employs nearly 6,500 people and posted KRW 66.7 trillion in sales in 2013. 

SK Innovation operates through five subsidiary companies: SK Energy, SK Incheon Petrochemical, SK Trading International, SK Global Chemical and SK Lubricants. Their independent management structure enables each company to respond rapidly to changes in the global business environment and expedite growth through a fast decision-making process. Each company executes its own business strategy, consistent with its vision and optimised for its unique environment. 

Based on its strong R&D capabilities, SK Innovation is a leading technology company that focuses on lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles, information electronic materials, and exploration and production business. SK Energy is the largest oil refiner and marketer in Korea. In July 2013, SK Incheon Petrochemical and SK Trading International were established. Both were previously part of SK Energy. SK Incheon Petrochemical focuses on high-value-added petrochemical products including paraxylene, while SK Trading International trades petrochemical and crude oil products. SK Global Chemical, a global leader in the green chemicals and life sciences, is especially active in the burgeoning Asian market. SK Lubricants is a global leader in the base oil and lubricant market through affiliations with major European, North American and Asian companies.

Enhanced Kia Sportage makes Geneva Show debut

• Best-selling Kia model looks sharper, feels softer and drives better 
• Premium sound system tops list of new features for 2014  
• Significantly reduced NVH for greater refinement 

Geneva, 4 March 2014 – Kia Motors revealed enhanced versions of the brand’s best-selling model in Europe, the compact crossover Kia Sportage, today at the Geneva Motor Show. For 2014, the Sportage receives small but significant upgrades to its modern exterior, as well as a refreshed interior design and new materials throughout the cabin.

The exterior design features a new front grille, new LED rear lamp clusters, a new range of alloy wheels with a choice of 16-, 17- or 18-inch diameter, and a shark-fin roof antenna. Inside, the enhanced Sportage benefits from greater use of soft-touch materials across the dashboard and the upper door panels, a new Supervision instrument cluster with a 4.2-inch LCD display screen and new combinations of leather and/or cloth seat trims. 

The 2014 Sportage also receives a range of new features, depending on model, to boost its appeal to buyers across Europe. Available features include a new audio system with 4.3-inch colour touchscreen with rear view camera, a new premium Infinity by Harman sound system (linked to the 4.3-inch radio display and the 7.0-inch navigation) with an external amplifier, sub-woofer and seven speakers, Kia’s multi-mode FlexSteer system, heated steering wheel, powered driver’s seat and new USB iPod connectivity. 

Driving the enhanced Sportage will be an even more refined experience than the current model, thanks to a number of changes designed to minimise noise, vibration and harshness (NVH). A new soundproof windscreen, with an interlayer film between the glass laminations, reduces wind noise.

Three engineering improvements minimise vibrations – the front subframe is now bush-mounted (rather than bolted directly to the bodyshell), an intermediate shaft is added to the drivetrain, resulting in symmetrical (equal length) front drive shafts and a new mounting bracket for the transmission has greater rigidity and reduced resonance.

Additional modifications to the chassis and suspension further improve ride, handling and NVH performance. The modified front stabiliser softens the ride of the Sportage and reduces understeer under cornering, while a new damper valve system further improves the balance between a smoother ride and confidence-inspiring handling. Softer suspension top mounts also improve NVH and ride comfort. The rear springs have been stiffened slightly to improve trailer stability and body control while towing.

Accompanying the newly-fitted FlexSteer system, steering response and stability is improved by increasing the wheel offset angle slightly. The steering rack is now 4.5 percent quicker than the earlier version of the Sportage, with 2.7 turns lock-to-lock, for greater response and stability. New tyre specifications for all 17- and 18-inch wheels also ensures better handling in all weather conditions and greater levels of steering feedback.

In Europe, the enhanced 2014 Sportage will continue to offer customers a choice of diesel or gasoline engines, six-speed manual or automatic transmissions and front-wheel drive (2WD) or all-wheel drive (AWD) – depending on model. For greater security when towing, the 2014 model has an improved ESC (electronic stability control), now incorporating a trailer stability control system and roll-over protection. 

Made in Europe, the Sportage is Kia’s best-selling model in Europe, with 89,553 units sold in 2013, a year-on-year increase of 10.5 percent. Manufactured at Kia’s Žilina plant in Slovakia, the enhanced 2014 Kia Sportage is due to go on sale across Europe later this year. 


Kia Sportage images



Editors’ Notes 

Kia Motors Europe 
Kia Motors Europe is the European sales, marketing, and service arm of Kia Motors Corporation. With its headquarters in Frankfurt, Germany, it covers 30 markets in Europe. 

About Kia Motors Corporation 
Kia Motors Corporation (www.kia.com) – a maker of quality vehicles for the young-at-heart – was founded in 1944 and is Korea's oldest manufacturer of motor vehicles. Over 2.7 million Kia vehicles a year are produced in 10 manufacturing and assembly operations in five countries which are then sold and serviced through a network of distributors and dealers covering around 150 countries. 

Kia today has over 48,000 employees worldwide and annual revenues of US$43 billion. It is the major sponsor of the Australian Open and an official automotive partner of FIFA – the governing body of the FIFA World Cup™. Kia Motors Corporation's brand slogan – "The Power to Surprise" – represents the company's global commitment to surprise the world by providing exciting and inspiring experiences that go beyond expectations.

European debut for Kia’s rear-drive GT4 Stinger concept

• High-powered sportscar focused on connection between driver and machine
• 2+2 seating configuration, turbocharged 315 ps and six-speed manual transmission make GT4 Stinger a true enthusiast’s machine
• GT4 Stinger designed at Kia’s Irvine, California, US design studio

Geneva, 4 March 2014 – Kia Motors today revealed the brand’s most aggressive concept car ever, the GT4 Stinger, at its European debut during the Geneva Motor Show.

The eye-catching GT4 Stinger concept – a rear-wheel drive, 2+2 sportscar – takes Kia’s design language in a bold new direction and echoes the glory days of purebred, affordable sportscars.

“Driving enjoyment was the number one priority in designing the GT4 Stinger,” said Tom Kearns, Chief Designer, Kia Design Center America (KDCA). “It’s a 2+2 sportscar that can turn heads as a daily driver, while also being right at home on the track. It’s about purity, simplicity and timelessness. The GT4 Stinger is a throwback to days when driving a car was a visceral experience that wasn’t muted by electronic gimmickry.”

The GT4 Stinger was designed and engineered to focus on weight reduction, functionality and driver enjoyment, disregarding the luxury accessories of a traditional grand tourer to deliver instead a truly engaging drive.

Beneath the GT4 Stinger’s low bonnet is a tuned version of Kia’s proven 2.0-litre turbocharged gasoline direct injected (T-GDI) four-cylinder engine, putting out an impressive 315 ps.

Power is applied to the road via a close-ratio six-speed manual transmission driving the 20-inch rear wheels, which are wrapped in 275/35 R20 Pirelli P-Zero performance tyres. The front wheels get slightly smaller 235/35 R20 Pirelli P-Zeros to ensure a high level of cornering grip.

The special aluminium wheels feature carbon fibre inserts for strength and weight reduction, and house 380 mm Brembo Gran Turismo two-piece, cross-drilled disc brakes with four-piston calipers. The GT4 Stinger also features a quick-ratio steering rack for direct driver feedback and uncompromised control.

Underneath the GT4 Stinger’s ‘Ignition Yellow’ body is a custom chassis with independent double wishbone suspension all round. With a shorter wheelbase (2,619 mm) and wider body (1,890 mm) than a Kia cee’d and the same overall length (4,310 mm), as well as a low 1,250 mm roofline, the GT4 Stinger is the most dramatic-looking concept ever produced by Kia.

It tips the scales at just 1,301 kg, and weight distribution is spread nearly perfectly at 52 percent up front and 48 percent at the rear. A power-to-weight ratio of 242 ps per ton ensures the GT4 Stinger will go from 0-100 kph (62 mph) in around five seconds.

Fans of Kia’s design language, set by Kia Motors Corporation president and chief design officer Peter Schreyer, will immediately recognise key styling elements of the GT4 Stinger. The latest iteration of Kia’s signature ‘Tiger-nose’ grille rests low to the ground for maximum engine cooling and cold-air induction. The grille surround glows white and features a multi-layered, satin-black border, a theme found throughout the car. 

Flanking the grille on both sides are vertical LED headlamps and front-brake cooling vents, which are incorporated into the bumper to provide a clean, smooth appearance. A low carbon fibre front splitter provides added downforce at high speeds.

The GT4 Stinger’s smooth, long bonnet features two chrome accents to add visual interest, and swells at the sides to accommodate the muscular front wheel arches. The result is a pronounced edge at the vehicle’s shoulders that eventually becomes the belt line.

Transparent A-pillars and a wrap-around windscreen provide an unrivalled view from the driver’s seat – layered slots cut into the pillars reduce weight and improve outward visibility. Similar to the all-new Kia Soul, the roof of the GT4 Stinger appears to ‘float’ from the C-pillars. The side of the car features satin black accent pieces with integrated cooling ducts to enhance air flow to the rear brakes.

At the rear of the car, the body widens to cover the larger tyres, while the glass hatchback opens to reveal a built-in storage compartment and rear bracing strut to improve torsional rigidity and cornering stability. The LED taillights are housed inside a blacked-out panel just above the dual exhausts in the rear bumper.

The interior is purposeful in design and practical in nature, with wide, light weight aluminium doors making it easy to get into the leather race-inspired bucket seats. There is no carpet in the cabin either, only a rubber floor mat beneath the billet-aluminium pedals.

The simple, uncluttered dashboard features a thick flat-bottomed steering wheel and a red LED-illuminated instrument panel with large tachometer and gear indicator. Following the motorsport theme and taking inspiration from sports and competition cars of the past, the interior door handles have been replaced by red-stitched pull straps, while the GT4 Stinger does without the luxury of a stereo.

While there are currently no plans to bring the concept to production, Kia has a history of delivering production vehicles that bear a strong resemblance to the concept that preceded them, and the GT4 Stinger provides a possible and highly provocative glimpse into Kia’s future.


GT4 Stinger images


Editors’ Notes 

Kia Motors Europe 
Kia Motors Europe is the European sales, marketing, and service arm of Kia Motors Corporation. With its headquarters in Frankfurt, Germany, it covers 30 markets in Europe. 

About Kia Motors Corporation 
Kia Motors Corporation (www.kia.com) – a maker of quality vehicles for the young-at-heart – was founded in 1944 and is Korea's oldest manufacturer of motor vehicles. Over 2.7 million Kia vehicles a year are produced in nine manufacturing and assembly operations in five countries which are then sold and serviced through a network of distributors and dealers covering around 150 countries. 

Kia today has over 47,000 employees worldwide and annual revenues of US$42 billion. It is the major sponsor of the Australian Open and an official automotive partner of FIFA – the governing body of the FIFA World Cup™. 

Kia Motors Corporation's brand slogan – "The Power to Surprise" – represents the company's global commitment to surprise the world by providing exciting and inspiring experiences that go beyond expectations.


Upgraded Kia Optima Hybrid revealed at Geneva Show

• Refreshed look for streamlined sedan with Cd 0.26 aerodynamics 
• New features include ventilated front seats and 8-inch display screen 
• Improved braking, plus remarkable performance/economy blend 

Frankfurt, 4 March 2014 – The upgraded Kia Optima Hybrid was unveiled by Kia Motors today at the Geneva Motor Show, marking the European debut of this streamlined sedan with a drag coefficient of just Cd 0.26 in its latest form. 

Visually, the upgraded Optima Hybrid features newly-designed front and rear bumpers, the front incorporating new four-spot LED fog lamps and a revised design for Kia’s trademark ‘Tiger nose’ grille. The car’s profile is also improved with a new side-sill garnish, fender garnish and new, five-spoke 16- and 17-inch alloy wheel designs. At the rear, the trunk lid sports Kia’s new style eco-hybrid badge, the bumper has a black lower section and the exhaust tailpipe is hidden. 

With the upgraded model, customers will also be able to specify a new ‘White Package’ interior option, with white upholstery and gloss black cabin accents. Two new exterior paint finishes, Smoky Blue and Aluminium Silver, complete the visual changes and join three carry-over colours – Snow White Pearl, Aurora Black and Bright Silver. 

Available only in left-hand drive (as previously), the latest Optima Hybrid will also be fitted with a range of new features, including a new touchscreen interface specific to the Hybrid system, an 8-inch display for the navigation system, iPod connectivity, ventilated front seats and air vents in the rear of the cabin. 

A new ‘High Tech Pack’ is available as an option, incorporating Blind Spot Detection, Lane Keep Assist and Smart Parking Assist systems. 

Kia’s third-generation regenerative braking system is fitted to the upgraded Optima Hybrid. The new system is 1.2 kg lighter and is faster reacting with a new iBAU (Integrated Brake Actuation Unit) which cuts the time delay before the ABS is activated and shortens braking distance from 100 kph by 1.7 metres. For the driver, there is also greater braking feel and an improved response to pedal inputs. 

The gasoline-electric hybrid powertrain is carried over unchanged in the latest version of the Optima Hybrid. Together the 2.0-litre engine and 35 kW electric motor produce a combined output of 177 ps at 5,500 rpm and 319 Nm of torque between 1,000 and 2,000 rpm. The sedan delivers a remarkable blend of performance (0-100 kph in 9.4 sec, top speed 190 kph), fuel economy (5.1 l/100 km) and low CO2 emissions (119 g/km) with 17-inch wheels. In The Netherlands, where Optima Hybrid is fitted with 16-inch wheels as standard, the vehicle’s CO2 figure is 117 g/km. 

Production of the upgraded Kia Optima Hybrid is scheduled to start in Korea during April 2014 and the new model will go on sale across Europe later this year. 

Kia Optima Hybrid images



Editors’ Notes 

Kia Motors Europe 
Kia Motors Europe is the European sales, marketing, and service arm of Kia Motors Corporation. With its headquarters in Frankfurt, Germany, it covers 30 markets in Europe. 

About Kia Motors Corporation 
Kia Motors Corporation (www.kia.com) – a maker of quality vehicles for the young-at-heart – was founded in 1944 and is Korea's oldest manufacturer of motor vehicles. Over 2.7 million Kia vehicles a year are produced in 10 manufacturing and assembly operations in five countries which are then sold and serviced through a network of distributors and dealers covering around 150 countries. 

Kia today has over 48,000 employees worldwide and annual revenues of US$43 billion. It is the major sponsor of the Australian Open and an official automotive partner of FIFA – the governing body of the FIFA World Cup™. Kia Motors Corporation's brand slogan – "The Power to Surprise" – represents the company's global commitment to surprise the world by providing exciting and inspiring experiences that go beyond expectations.

 
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS / EUROPE

Upgraded Kia Optima Hybrid 

Body & Chassis 
Four-door, five-seater sedan, with all-steel unitary construction bodyshell. Transverse gasoline engine and hybrid electric motor powertrain driving the front wheels via a six-speed automatic transmission. 

Engine
2.0-litre / 150 ps GDI
Name / Type ‘Nu’ / DOHC, four-cylinder in line, with dual CVVT
Capacity
2.0-litres, 1999 cc
Max power 
150 ps (110 kW) @ 6000 rpm 
Max torque
180 Nm (18.35 kg.m) @ 5000 rpm
Fuel system
Multi-point injection 
   
Electric Motor
Type
Interior-Permanent Magnet Synchronous motor
Max power
47 ps (35 kW) @ 1,630-3000 rpm
Max torque
205 Nm (20.9 kg.m) @ 0-1630 rpm
Voltage
Max 270 V DC (nominal) 
   
Combined Hybrid System Output 
Max power
177 ps (131 kW) @ 5500 rpm
Max torque
319 Nm (32.5 kg.m) @ 1000-2000 rpm
   
Battery for Hybrid System
Type
Lithium-ion Polymer 
Voltage
270 V
Capacity
5.3 Ah
Weight
41.3 kg
   
Transmission
Automatic
6-sp
   
Suspension & Damping
Front
Fully independent by MacPherson struts, with coil springs and twin-tube gas-filled shock absorbers. Anti-roll 22 mm stabiliser bar 
Rear 
Fully independent multi-link, with coil springs and twin-tube gas-filled shock absorbers. Anti-roll 18 mm stabiliser bar
   
Steering
Type
MDPS, electric motor driven power-assisted rack and pinion
Gearing
2.94 turns lock-to-lock
Turning circle
10.9 metres
   
Brakes
Power
Single 10.5 -inch booster (LHD)
Front
300 x 28 mm ventilated discs
Rear 
284 x 10 mm solid discs
ABS
4-channel anti-lock system with EBD
BAS
Boosts braking power during emergency stops
   
Wheels & Tyres
Standard
Alloy 16 in x 6.5J 205/65 R16 tyres
Alloy
17 in x 6.5J 215/55 R17 tyres
Spare (Standard)
Tyre mobility kit 
   
DIMENSIONS (mm)
Exterior
Overall length
4845
Overall width*
1830
Overall height
1455
Wheelbase
2795
Front track
1601-1595 (depending on wheel size)
Rear track
1601-1595 (depending on wheel size)
Front overhang
965
Rear overhang
1085
Ground clearance
135
*excluding door mirrors
   
Interior
Front
Rear
Headroom
1028
965
Legroom
1155
880
Shoulder room
1455
1415
Hip room
1388
1384
   
Capacities
Fuel tank (litres)
65.0
Luggage (VDA)
381 litres
   
Kerb weights (kg) 
Minimum
1587
Maximum
1648
   
Performance
Top speed / kph
190
0-to-100 kph / sec
9.4 
100-to-0 kph / m
36.7 (17-inch wheels) 
  41.5 (16-inch wheels, Netherlands only) 
   
Economy & Emissions
Combined (l/100 km)   
5.1
CO2 (g/km)
119 (17-inch wheels)
  117 (16-inch wheels, Netherlands only) 
*fuel consumption and CO2 data are manufacturer’s figures 

MARCH 2014 


Kia previews future powertrain technologies with all-new mild hybrid system

• New mild hybrid powertrain combines zero-emissions urban motoring with an electric supercharger for greater performance
• Engineered to reduce diesel and gasoline emissions by up to 15 percent 
• New powertrain will be available on next-generation Kia models

Geneva, 4 March 2014 – Kia revealed its all-new mild hybrid powertrain today at the Geneva Motor Show. The powertrain – part of a future technologies exhibit on Kia’s show stand – is designed to simultaneously reduce emissions and improve engine performance in Kia’s next-generation models.

Developed by Kia’s European R&D centre, the new hybrid system employs a 48V lead-carbon battery, which powers a small electric motor to increase the engine’s power output and cut exhaust emissions. The development team behind the mild hybrid powertrain selected lead-carbon batteries over lithium-ion equivalents as they require no active cooling, are more easily recyclable at the end of the vehicle’s life and can function much more efficiently in sub-zero temperatures.

Kia’s mild hybrid system will enable a car to be driven in an electric-only mode at low speeds and when cruising, while the battery is recharged under deceleration at all speeds. In heavy traffic and on urban roads, the powertrain will also feature a zero-emissions stop-start system. Using a belt-driven starter generator – replacing the conventional alternator – the engine is able to restart with almost no noise or vibration.

The battery also supplies energy to an electric supercharger, which increases torque and power at low engine speeds. Engineers behind the development of the powertrain see the electric supercharger supporting a larger conventional turbocharger, which would seamlessly take over to provide greater power and torque as engine speeds rise. The new hybrid system could also be fitted without the electric supercharger for a simpler powertrain layout in smaller models.

In applying the technology to production cars, Kia engineers are targeting reductions in CO2 emissions of up to 15 percent, while the electric supercharger is designed to deliver power increases of 15 to 20 percent depending on its application.

The new powertrain would also allow vehicle development engineers to reduce the size of a vehicle’s existing battery and starter motor.

The new mild hybrid powertrain will be available on new diesel and gasoline production cars from Kia in the near future.


Images

Editors’ Notes 

Kia Motors Europe 
Kia Motors Europe is the European sales, marketing, and service arm of Kia Motors Corporation. With its headquarters in Frankfurt, Germany, it covers 30 markets in Europe. 

About Kia Motors Corporation 
Kia Motors Corporation (www.kia.com) – a maker of quality vehicles for the young-at-heart – was founded in 1944 and is Korea's oldest manufacturer of motor vehicles. Over 2.7 million Kia vehicles a year are produced in 10 manufacturing and assembly operations in five countries which are then sold and serviced through a network of distributors and dealers covering around 150 countries. 

Kia today has over 48,000 employees worldwide and annual revenues of US$43 billion. It is the major sponsor of the Australian Open and an official automotive partner of FIFA – the governing body of the FIFA World Cup™. Kia Motors Corporation's brand slogan – "The Power to Surprise" – represents the company's global commitment to surprise the world by providing exciting and inspiring experiences that go beyond expectations.


Kia unveils new seven-speed dual-clutch transmission

• Kia launches its first seven-speed dual-clutch transmission (DCT)

• Transmission will improve fuel efficiency and acceleration
• New DCT will appear on production models in 2015

Geneva, 4 March 2014
– Kia today unveiled its all-new seven-speed dual-clutch transmission (DCT) at the Geneva Motor Show, pointing the way for future transmission developments from the Korean brand.

The new transmission – the first of its type from Kia – has been engineered to balance greater fuel efficiency with improved performance and to deliver a sportier driving experience.

Designed as a more fuel efficient replacement for Kia’s existing six-speed automatic transmission, currently available as an option on the majority of Kia models, the new DCT combines the advantages of both manual and automatic transmissions while allowing for faster gear changes than both.

Throughout the development process, engineers have been targeting a seven percent improvement in fuel efficiency and a five percent improvement in acceleration (0-100 kph / 62 mph) over the existing six-speed DCT transmission.

NVH has also been a key focus for the team behind the DCT’s development, with an external damper ensuring a high level of refinement for the new transmission.

The DCT is made up of two dry clutches, each fitted with an electric motor-driven clutch actuator to improve fuel economy, and a pair of gear input shafts, one each for the odd and even gear ratios. This set-up enables the DCT to operate sequentially or to jump immediately to any of its seven forward gears (and reverse) depending on the driver’s requirements.

The continuous power delivery offered by the DCT minimises the loss of torque by the powertrain during gear shifting and ensures a smoother drive in all conditions. The wide ratio coverage afforded to the engine by the seven-speed gearbox results in improved fuel efficiency and performance over rival six-speed DCTs.

The new seven-speed dual-clutch transmission will start to appear on production Kia cars in 2015.


Editors’ Notes 

Kia Motors Europe 
Kia Motors Europe is the European sales, marketing, and service arm of Kia Motors Corporation. With its headquarters in Frankfurt, Germany, it covers 30 markets in Europe. 

About Kia Motors Corporation 
Kia Motors Corporation (www.kia.com) – a maker of quality vehicles for the young-at-heart – was founded in 1944 and is Korea's oldest manufacturer of motor vehicles. Over 2.7 million Kia vehicles a year are produced in 10 manufacturing and assembly operations in five countries which are then sold and serviced through a network of distributors and dealers covering around 150 countries. 

Kia today has over 48,000 employees worldwide and annual revenues of US$43 billion. It is the major sponsor of the Australian Open and an official automotive partner of FIFA – the governing body of the FIFA World Cup™. Kia Motors Corporation's brand slogan – "The Power to Surprise" – represents the company's global commitment to surprise the world by providing exciting and inspiring experiences that go beyond expectations.


Kia pedals toward future mobility with new Electric Bicycle

• All-new pedelec Kia Electric Bicycle promises up to 40 km range 

• Features technical innovations in design, specification and manufacture 
• Two models, City and MTB, will appeal to broadest consumer group 

Geneva, 4 March 2014
– Kia Motors took another step forwards in the field of eco-friendly ‘future mobility’ when it unveiled two prototypes of its latest zero-emission vehicles to a specially invited media audience at the Geneva Motor Show today. 

Demonstrating Kia’s ‘Power to Surprise’ in a truly novel way, the all-new Kia Electric Bicycle (KEB) is a pedelec electric bike (being shown in both City and MTB versions), which promises lively performance from its powerful electric motor, while incorporating a host of technical innovations in its design, specification and manufacture. 

The rear-wheel drive KEB is propelled by a 250 Watt electric motor producing a generous 45 Nm of torque, and powered by a 36 volt, 10 amph lithium-ion polymer battery pack which is easily detached for recharging. The City model will appeal to commuters thanks to a range of around 40 km on a single charge and a recharging time of four hours. 

 Designed and engineered by Kia’s Venture Business Development Team at the Namyang R&D Centre in Korea, the KEB features an innovative monocoque metal frame which looks like a carbon fibre frame, but is produced by an advanced metal stamping technology and a robotic automated welding process – resulting in automotive-industry standards of quality control. 
 
Advanced metal stamping technology is a new production method specially developed at the Namyang R&D Centre for manufacturing the KEB’s frame. After pressing a metal sheet each side of the frame, the frame undergoes a robotic automated welding process ensuring uniform quality. This is in contrast to the frame of a more conventional bicycle, which is often manufactured by hydroforming, increasing the complexity and cost of production.

Using these production methods has allowed Kia a greater degree of design freedom, with distinctive surfacing details and a unique structural design. A greater choice of metals can also be used during production, with metal stamping allowing the frame to be made up of aluminium, high-tensile steel and stainless steel.
 
 Both the City and MTB models feature the same drivetrain and power pack, weigh around 20 kg in total, and have a top speed of 25.0 kph (15.5 mph) complying with EU regulations. 
 
 The City is intended as a universal design with its step-through frame, rear-mounted battery, 28-inch wheels and mud-flaps for the broadest appeal. The MTB has Rock Shock 100 mm front forks, a mid-mounted battery and 26-inch wheels fitted with all-terrain tyres – creating a sporty and youthful image. 

The two prototype KEB models were made using a frame, electric motor and power pack manufactured in Korea, together with brake and gear components from Shimano in Japan. Final assembly was carried out in Germany. 

Media and public reactions to the all-new Kia Electric Bicycle will be monitored closely by Kia Motors Corporation, 70 years after it first manufactured bicycles in Korea during 1944. 

Kia Electric Bicycle images



Editors’ Notes 

Kia Motors Europe 
Kia Motors Europe is the European sales, marketing, and service arm of Kia Motors Corporation. With its headquarters in Frankfurt, Germany, it covers 30 markets in Europe. 

About Kia Motors Corporation 
Kia Motors Corporation (www.kia.com) – a maker of quality vehicles for the young-at-heart – was founded in 1944 and is Korea's oldest manufacturer of motor vehicles. Over 2.7 million Kia vehicles a year are produced in 10 manufacturing and assembly operations in five countries which are then sold and serviced through a network of distributors and dealers covering around 150 countries. 

Kia today has over 48,000 employees worldwide and annual revenues of US$43 billion. It is the major sponsor of the Australian Open and an official automotive partner of FIFA – the governing body of the FIFA World Cup™. Kia Motors Corporation's brand slogan – "The Power to Surprise" – represents the company's global commitment to surprise the world by providing exciting and inspiring experiences that go beyond expectations.
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Press Contacts

Vladislav Alexiev

Manager Product Communications

Phone: +4969850928354

E-mail: kme-press@kia-europe.com